Northwest berry Foundation

Management Detail

Strawberry crown moth

in Strawberries

Click here if you would like to select another pest.

 

Latin name: Synanthedon bibionipennis

Description:

Strawberry crown moth is primarily a pest in southern Washington and Oregon. Adults are clear winged moths that resemble yellow jackets and fly in June and July. They lay eggs on the undersides of leaves near the crown of the strawberry plant. The larvae then hatch out and feed on the inside and outside of strawberry crowns causing plant stunting and subsequent yield reduction. Severe feeding can cause plant death. Larvae are white with a brown head and approximately one inch long and overwinter in strawberry crowns and roots.

Links:

Scouting:

  • Examine weak plants in the field in the spring and weak plants that prematurely redden in the fall for the presence of SCM larvae.
  • Infested plants usually break off at the crown when gently pulled, revealing tunneling that is filled with rust colored frass.
  • Once larvae are established in the plant crown, there are no adequate control strategies so all insecticide control strategies target newly hatched larvae and adults, which, are present June-July.
  • A very effective pheromone is widely available. Sticky traps should be put out close to ground level in early June.
  • Correct insecticide timing is essential. The first application needs to be made about the time the eggs begin to hatch, a second application should be made 10 to 14 days later and (often) a third 14 days later.
  • The first application is timed by the pheromone trap counts. Go on 10-14 days after 2 or more adults are caught for 2 days in a row.

 
Cultural Controls:

  • Topping plants immediately after harvest but leaving some untopped will force emerging adults to lay eggs on untopped plants. These can then be tilled under.
  • Infested plants redden prematurely in the fall and can then be removed.

 

For information about chemical controls, check with our Pesticide Guide.

images


photo by K. Gray


Strawberry crown moth larva - photo by K. Gray


photo by T. Peerbolt

 


Strawberry crown moth eggs - photo by K. Gray


Trap and lure - photo by T. Peerbolt


Strawberry crown moth larvae and frass - photo by T. Peerbolt


Strawberry crown moth adult - photo by T. Peerbolt


Field damage caused by Strawberry Crown Moth - photo by T. Peerbolt


Field damage caused by Strawberry Crown Moth - photo by T. Peerbolt

 


Field damage caused by Strawberry Crown Moth - photo by T. Peerbolt

 

 

WebSite Sponsors

This site provides practical and objective information in support of the berry industry. It is maintained by the Northwest Berry Foundation and funded entirely through the donations of our generous sponsors.

Please click on their logos and find out more about them.

 

Northwest Berry Foundation

Northwest Berry Foundation

© 2016

Get in touch

5261 North Princeton Street

Portland, OR 97203

Office: 503-285-0908

FAX: 503-289-7488


Email us